as a secondary type
People of this type are not made for quiet life. Due to their psychological characteristics, society has always to reckon with their existence, either defending itself from them or asking for their help or tolerating them and exploiting secondary results of their activity.
Throughout history, people of this type occasionally staked all their property and even their life on luck. In ancient Rome, free citizens and even patricians, who felt a great need for risk, voluntarily became gladiators, and if they did not have enough opportunities to fight in the arena, they showed their discontent. This type also included medieval knights wandering in the Europe in search of tournaments, swashbucklers, condottieri and pirates. In more modern times this type can be found among revolutionaries, conspirators, terrorists, and drug smugglers.
These are examples of extremely anti-social manifestations of the needs for risk. But thirst for risk can appear in socially acceptable forms. Mountain-climbers, downhill skiers, race-drivers, sailors who cross the oceans alone, tightrope-walkers, who walk the rope over waterfalls and precipices, as well as small-time gamblers who play in lotteries and slot machines - all these engage in risky activities which do not harm society.
People with a pronounced thirst for danger and risk may be also useful to society, which utilizes their characteristics in employing them in suitable occupations such as the police, the army where they serve as commandos or paratroopers, the fire department and even in the film industry as stuntmen.
People of this type are usually physically strong, courageous, and have excellent control of their bodies. When they are young they eagerly take up football, baseball, basketball and different types of hand-to-hand combat. They easily master mechanical skills and are good at driving cars. They usually drive at high speed and like to overtake other cars, sometimes creating dangerous situations.
They are not especially bothered by moral problems, but those who are socialized keep to formal moral demands of society, especially to those of a group. These people can be subdivided into two groups according to their attitude to the group or to society. One kind gives priority to freedom from all social values and prefers to run risks alone. The other kind likes power and prefers to act in a group. They long for a leading position in the group and although they dislike it, will acknowledge the leadership of any stronger and more authoritative person.
In communication they are somewhat rough. However, there is an intrinsic sentimentality in them and they can be deeply moved by any soulful story or movie. They like to relax when they are not involved in their dangerous pursuits. Those who are asocial incline to alcohol and drugs. Socialized people of this type relax with peaceful activities such as fishing, gardening, caring for their pets, etc.
As they grow older and have established families, they feel less attracted to risk; memories of their past adventures return to them and they indulge in reminiscences. They begin to feel the future, connecting it with the future of their children. Their love affairs (until they are married) are mostly fleeting and superficial, although sometimes they experience long and stable relationships.
A vivid example of a person with expressed thirst for risk is Alexander of Macedon who led a dangerous life for what he thought was the goal of spreading of Hellenic civilization throughout the known world. In modern times a similar type was Che Guevara who was fought for his idea of social justice. In literature there was Don Quixote. The international spy, Mata Hari, notorious during the First World War, can be considered to be a woman of this type.
Ways of Personal Growth
If you fit the above description, you must learn to recognize the real reason for your inclination for risky situations. Your goal should be to frame your behavior in a socially useful way in order to succeed in life. The positive features of your personality are courage, bravery, resolution, and a quick understanding of a situation. The negative features are impulsiveness, a disregard for danger and consequences of your deeds, and indifference and often lack of pity toward those who get in your way.
Happiness for you is a life filled with emotion, anticipation of a speedy and complete success and the flush of victory that it brings, and the joy of overcoming obstacles.
During the active stage of their life, people in this category pay little attention to their families. Later, when they are older and have established families, they become more involved with them, especially with their children. They wish to cultivate courage and decisiveness in them, yet want to keep them from the errors they themselves have made. Therefore, they try to help their children to fit in well with their peers, to give them a good education and encourage them to learn a practical trade or profession.
People of this type easily acquire knowledge and master skills in activities that they prefer but they should be aware that in subjects not related to their main interest, they are not so quick in picking up new knowledge. They should perfect themselves in their professions, but should also try to expand their range of skills.
After risky and emotionally saturated actions, people of this type often experience emotional depletion and the need to recharge their emotional energy. They can do this best by involving themselves in restful activities such as doing chores around the house, spending time with the family, relaxing entertainment which has no element of excitement in it (e.g. no games of chance) or simply taking time doing nothing - complete idleness and emotional relaxation. These will all help to relieve stress and frustration.
Strategy for Successful Behavior
People of this type tend make decisions impulsively, and often too quickly. Their attention and their mind are sharp but focused on a very specific goal. However, they should try to see the whole situation. They should also consider consequences of their actions and weigh the degree of risk vs. potential benefits and importance of achieving the goal.
The most effective communication strategy for this type to persuade others of whatever idea or project they may have in mind, by first having proven to others that the idea or project can actually be realized. The ethical aspect of bringing in other people is this: their risk tolerance is likely not as high as Adventurerís, and the fact that Adventurer is ready to accept the risks does not mean that others are. Therefore, the Adventurer must not hide from those who he or she is bringing on board, all the risks they may face, and possibility of failure.
People of Adventurer type should be careful not to become euphoric, dreaming up impossible plans that are far from reality. Under unfavorable conditions, when Adventurer meets with insurmountable obstacles, they should not tackle them head-on, counting only on occasional luck.
When considering a new job they should pay attention whether it might be boring, or whether it might not offer some desirable element of risk or possibility of something unexpected. In a business setting this type can make a good troubleshooter, deployed where an immediate solution to a problem is required. Another possible role for this type is introducing new initiatives. In this role this type will work most effectively teamed with a rational and pragmatic counterpart, but it has to be someone the Adventurer has respect toward and would listen to.